This site tries to avoid excessive use of abbreviations but they are common thing in referring Tolkien's works.

Tolkien sources

Abbreviation Meaning
BOLT Book of Lost Tales (The History of Middle-Earth, vol. 1 & 2)
FOTR The Fellowship of the Ring (The Lord of the Rings I)
GL The Gnomish Lexicon, published in appendices to Book of Lost Tales (partially) and Parma Eldalamberon #11
HOME The History of Middle-Earth
LOTR The Lord of the Rings
LR The Lost Road and Other Writings (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 5) containing Etymologies chapter
NM The Nature Of Middle-Earth
OC Orcish curse
PM The Peoples of Middle-Earth (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 12)
PN personal name
QL The Qenya Lexicon, published in Parma Eldalamberon #12
RGEO The Road Goes Ever On
RI Ring Inscription
ROTK The Return of the King (The Lord of the Rings III)
SD Sauron Defeated (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 9)
TH The Hobbit
TI The Treason of Isengard (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 7)
TT The Two Towers (The Lord of the Rings II)
UT The Unfinished Tales
WJ The War of Jewels (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 11)
WR The War of the Ring (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 8)

Fan sources

Abbreviation Meaning
OG an orc greeting by Andrew
OV Olympic Verse by Lalaith
PE Parma Eldalamberon journal
RV the whole Ring Verse by Elerrina
VT Vinyar Tengwar journal


Abbreviation Meaning
AA Anthony Appleyard
AN “Andrew”, author of "Orc-greeting"
BA Björn Axén, author of Zhâburi dialects
DS David Salo, a linguist who worked on the languages of J.R.R. Tolkien for the Lord of the Rings movie trilogy and The Hobbit
EK Édouard (Edward) J. Kloczko, contributor to a lot of journals, books and societies about J.R.R. Tolkien's works
EL “Elerrina”, author of full Ring-verse translation, probably nickname of Julian Bradfield, editor of Quettar journal
LL “Lalaith”, author of "Olympic verse"
RE Rob Eaglestone, author of Horngoth dialect
TK J.R.R. Tolkien or Christopher Tolkien
UNF Un4givenOrc, author of Nûrlâm dialect and Black Speech School site


Abbreviation Meaning
AO 1st Age Angband Orcish (Orquin)
BS Black Speech
CBS Classical Black Speech (since 2nd Age)
DBS Debased Black Speech


Abbreviation Meaning
EH Unnamed compilative dialect by unknown linguist from page
HG Horngoth Orkish
HORN Horngoth Orkish
LOS Shadowlandian dialect by Scatha from “Mordor, Land Of Shadow” message board
LP LOTR Fanatics Plaza forums ( - now dead, - attempt to revive)
MB Mugbûrz Orkish
MERP Middle-Earth Role Play
NL Nûrlâm, dialect described in this wiki
ON Orcish Nations site, see MERP
PO David Salo's Proto-Orkish
SV Svartiska Orkish
ZA Zhâburi A
ZB Zhâburi B

See Dialects page for some short information about them.


The following abbreviations are used for interlinear glossing when translating from Black Speech to English (harder to use for backward translation). Exotic terms are usually avoided (like some rare locative cases) in favor of direct translations into English, but they are presented in this list.

make list for interlinear glossing abbreviations

abbreviations.txt · Last modified: 2023/09/07 19:38 by