Imperative mood

The sentence is Imperative if it requires or forbids some action from the listener.

Imperative mood (abbreviated as IMP) is the grammatical mood that is used to indicate commands, requests and strict prohibitions. Imperative is the default, dictionary form of verbs in Black Speech. None of the inflectional suffixes and none clitic subjective pronouns (prefixed) can be added to it to express imperative mood, however objective pronouns can join verb.

  • “Run!” ⇒ “Khîg!”;
  • “Kill him” ⇒ “Dogan!”;
  • “Do not touch it!” ⇒ “Nargrauran”;

In the narrow sense Imperative mood applies only to direct orders to 2nd person (implying “you”), but it's grammatical form is also used in other modalities expressing orders. If subject pronoun (usually “you”) is required then it should be put in Dative case, thus the sentence becomes impersonal.

  • Various Hortative modalities, similar to imperative, but with less obligatory sense: “You should go with us” ⇒ “Maug ukhut fizûr daksha” vs. Imperative “Go with us!” ⇒ “Ukh daksha!”;
  • Jussive mood – order to 2nd person to allow/permit/forbid 3rd person to do something: “Let them fall” ⇒ “Dabhul lûmput”
  • Precative modality – similar to Jussive, but speaker asks 2nd person to allow to do something for himself, usually to express polite requests: “Let me finish this” ⇒ “Dabhiz gorzut za”
  • Optative mood – wishes, blessings and curses with very special form (the verb “gâkh” in imperative with main verb also in imperative): “May the force be with you!” ⇒ “Gâkh balum kul fisha!”, “Long live the king!” ⇒ “Gâkh arn kîb rodharz”
  • Condition of Presumptive modality: “be it so” ⇒ “kulanzash”, “suppose (that) …” ⇒ “ton (zamash)”
mood_imperative.txt · Last modified: 2023/09/07 19:38 by