Dative case (abbreviated as DAT) is a grammatical case used to indicate recipient or purpose of an action. In Nûrlâm it is marked by postposition -ûr for declension class I or -zûr for declension class II. It's usually translated into English with prepositions “to” and “for”. Typical applications of dative in Black Speech include:
Dative case suffix -ûr is not used in Nûrlâm to translate English preposition “for” when:
In English (and some other languages as well) dative case is mixed with allative (denotes destination of motion) because both are translated with preposition “to”. In Standard Nûrlâm they are two distinct cases. As general rule, when translating from English into Black Speech, you should check, if the preposition “to” can be replaced with “for” without losing sense, then dative case should be used, otherwise translate with allative. However in colloquial speech these two cases are often mixed together, at least since Shadowlandian dialect, where allative ending -u was used for dative. Colloquial Nûrlâm also copy this feature.