Genitive case (abbreviated as GEN) is the grammatical case that marks a noun/pronoun modifying another noun/pronoun. It is marked by postposition -ob for declension class I and by postposition -b for declension class II. It usually shifts the function of the noun from object to modifier/attributive/determiner. The most common function of genitive case is to indicate possession, so the term Possessive case is often used. As there are no special possessive pronouns in Nûrlâm, the genitive case of personal pronouns is used instead. However genitive case have a broader function than just the possession (compare “pack of wolves” with “wolf's pack”).
Typical functions of Genitive case in Nûrlâm include:
In many languages Genitive has functions of Ablative case. In Nûrlâm they are distinct cases. Compare “orc of Mordor” (orc born in Mordor, orc serving in Mordor) with “orc from Mordor” (orc came from Mordor, but not necessarily obeying to Mordor or not necessarily been born there). For example, in Russian preposition “из” (“from”) together with noun in Genitive case is used to denote material, but in Nûrlâm “from” is translated into Ablative (postposition “-bo”), Elative (postposition “-ah”) case, or preposition “ghâr” together with Elative case; therefore direct translation will be incorrect, so plain Genitive should be used, however Elative is also possible if transformation of one material into another is supposed (“make wine from blood” = “kramp gabh ghorah”).