Adverbial is a word or phrase that modifies other modifier or predicate. It answers such questions like “how?”, “where?”, “when?”, “why?”.
Adjunct is an optional adverbial that may be excluded from sentence without losing it's sense and without violating grammar.
Adverbial phrase may be expressed by:
Typically adverbials follow the word they modify, however adverbials which modify adjective may precede it (specially in colloquial speech). If the verb has several adverbials, they may be split – some precede the verb, while others follow it, but otherwise adverbial's word order is:
|preceeding/split||Time (when?)||Manner (how? why?)||Place (where?)||Ârshik tadoguz ash lûg ulsarz Ashûk Urunir = lit. “Yesterday he killed a dragon easily at the Lonely Mountain”|
|following||Place (where?)||Manner (how? why?)||Time (when?)||Tadoguz ash lûg Ashûk Urunir ulsarz ârshik = lit. “He killed a dragon at the Lonely Mountain easily yesterday”|
When adverbial phrase consists of more than one word it is often shifted to the end of sequence of adverbials: “Tadoguz ash lûg ulsarz ârshik Ashûk Urunir” (lit. “He killed a dragon easily yesterday at the Lonely Mountain”).