Predicate is one of two main parts of sentence together with subject. Predicate can express action or state of being. It is usually expressed by verb, which frequently used as synonym for term “predicate”. However verb may be omitted in compound predicates (see below). Subject and object are called arguments of predicate. One of arguments of an action is the agent (which makes an action, usually subject) and the other one is the patient (receiver, undergoer of action, usually object).
Sentences may lack explicitly stated predicate. The best example is phrase “Uglúk u bagronk...” from “The Two Towers”, where Allative case ending “-u” became a preposition with verbal meaning “go to”, “get/move yourself to”.
Predicate may consist of more than one word:
Second part of compound predicate should be not mixed with other parts of sentence, as it is semantically the main part. Compare “Food was good” where “was good” is predicate as whole, and “Good food was eaten” where “good” is determiner and predicate is “was eaten”.
Negative participle “nar” is added to the modal or “light” verbs and not to the infinitive or predicative in expressions of negation. Examples: