• Lesson I – Background information
• Lesson II – Black Speech Sounds and Pronunciation
• Lesson III – Nouns
• Lesson IV – Verbs: Infinitive and Present Tense
• Lesson V – Verbs: Future Tense
• Lesson VI – Adjectives and Word Order
• Lesson VII – Pre- and Postpositions, Noun Cases, Phrase Verbs
• Lesson VIII – Verbs: Past Tense
• Lesson IX – Numbers
• Lesson X – Pronouns and Commands (Imperatives)
• * Lesson XII – Comparisons
• * Lesson XIII – Suffix Order and Indirect Objects
• * Lesson XIV – Questions
• * Lesson XV – Participles and Passive Voice
• * Lesson XVI – Conditional and Subjunctive Moods
• Appendix A: Prefixes and Suffixes
• Appendix B: Grammar quick overview
• Appendix C: Measures, Directions, Army Ranks
• Appendix D: List Of Abbreviations
Lesson VIII – Verbs: Past Tense
In Black Speech, the past tense is formed by adding -uz to the verb stem. As in the future tense verb formation, you add the third person singular or plural ending to -uz. For example, “he found” would translate as “gimbuzat”. “They called” = “bugduzut”.
Thrakat, to bring
|thrakuz||I brought||thrakuz||we brought|
|thrakuz||you brought||thrakuz||you brought|
Please note, that Present Perfect and sometimes Present Perfect Continious tenses are translated to Black Speech as Past Tense.
Here are a few more verbs to learn:
|urkat||to condemn, to damn|
Translate the following:
The Nazgûl (sing.) called the old warriors of Saruman to Isengard.
She ruled over the powerful beasts in Rhovanion.
Saruman spoke to the old ugly trolls.
I killed Shelob near Cirith Ungol.
He found the evil orc in Mordor.
I brought the cruel beast to Gondor.
Ashlûk called Uglûk away to Moria.
The troll-people demanded the ring from the Nazgûl (plural) in Orthanc.
I was in Gondor to condemn the troll.
You (plural) bound the evil ring in Orodruin.
They broke the rings in Barad-Dûr.
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