Lessons


Appendix B: Grammar quick overview

There are tables with basic grammar rules for Shadowlandian dialect. Svartiska and Horngoth use a little different ones, which can be found in English-Orkish dictionary.

Nouns

Pluralizing

Singular Plural suffix  Collective Plural
person
shara (a human), mau (warrior)

shara turu (many humans), mau krâk (five warriors)
-ûk, -hai
shara-hai (humans), maûk (all warriors)
consonant ending
duf (knife), hont (eye)
-u
dufu (knives), hontu (eyes)
-ûk
dufûk (all knives)
goiûk (all cities)
vowel ending
goi (city)
-z
goiz (cities)

Suffix order

1 2 3 4 5
gender  article  case  postposition  number


Adjectives

Pluralizing

Singular Plural suffix  Examples
consonant ending -u ûsumu bûrzu (dark thoughts)
vowel ending -z urûk kûz (old orcs)

Comparison

Degree Suffix Examples
Regular   gothûrz (powerful), kû (old)
Comparative -ar gothûrzar snû (more powerful than), kûar (elder)
Superative -az gothûrzaz (the most powerful), kûaz (the eldest)


Verbs

Tense 1st, 2nd person 3rd person sing. 3rd person pl.
Infinitive -at -at -at
Present -at -ut
Future -ub -ubat -ubut
Past -uz -uzat -uzut


Participles

Tense Suffix
active passive
Participle I -ug -aga
Perfect Participle I -ugz -ufa
Participle II
-uga


Word Order

1. Subject  2. Attribute  3. Predicate  4. Direct object  5. Indirect object  6. Adjunct 
n adj v n
pron
n (+ prep)
pron (+ prep)
adv
n + prep

Notice: if the subject is a pronoun then it is suffixed to the verb.


Example

Yesterday the great warrior Uglakh brought the magical ring to his lord
6 2 1 3 4 5
Uglakh mau bûbhosh thrakuz nazg dushûrz gothtabu ârshlût


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Comments

Scatha  2014-09-24, 04:01:03

Has anyone here ever tried the lessons? I think some of them may need some corrections and updates.  Let me know your thoughts.


bjornaxen  2016-06-08, 09:43:39

The Swedish LARP-orcish Svartiska was not really created by a single LARP-group but by the community of orc-larpers where different groups created different dialects.



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