Homogenous Parts of the Sentence

The member of sentence is called homogenous if it consists of two or more words joined by coordination – conjunctions like “and” or comma , in punctuation. It may be treated as a whole or as listing of individual words with same role in the clause. For example, “Shagrat, Gorbag and Uglûk are orcs” (= “Shagrat, Gorbag agh Uglûk kulû uruk-hai”), where all three names compound a single subject. Homogenous subjects require verb to have plural ending (see the example just before), and may be referenced later with 3rd person plural pronoun “tak”.

While this topic is simple for subjects in nominative case and object in accusative, Nûrlâm differs from English when other grammar forms are involved.


Two homogenous verbs should be placed in the same form: “Orcs walk and jump” ⇒ “Uruk ukhû agh kamdû”. This is also true for non-finite forms, e.g. for infinitive: “He loves to burn, kill and steal” ⇒ “Tabrogb ghâshat, dogat agh orskat”; in English particle “to” occured once for all three infinitives, in Nûrlâm the equivalent suffix “-at” is added to all predicatives.

But what about the situation when subject pronoun should join verbs? It may be written separately once as in English (especially in analytical style of colloquial language), or may be added to each verb: “He burns, kills and steals” ⇒ “Taghâsh, tadog agh ta orsk” = “Ta ghâsh, dog agh orsk”.


When two or more adjectives describe one word they are always written separately, even if one of them is short and can be clitic: “old and ill eagle” ⇒ “kû agh gôm[ûrz] shor”.

Nouns with case clitic adpositions

When English preposition can be translated as grammatical case of Nûrlâm, the clitic postposition joins all nouns, similarly to verbs grammatical suffixes. “He fought in Rohan, Gondor and Mordor” ⇒ “Tamaukuz Lûkhuzgor, Gunduzgor agh Uzgbûrzor”.

more examples

syntax_homogenous.txt · Last modified: 2023/09/07 19:38 by