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Wordlist: Food

This page will contain list of words related to food and drinks, including names of meals, cooking methods, cookware. This page is not limited to imaginary diet of Sauron's servants, but includes cuisine of all races.

General terms

English Nûrlâm Part of speech Etymology Comments
(breast-)feed gazhb- v ZA (to feed, take care); compare with “gaz” (mouth)
a cut shirz n DS about any material
abdomen thûn n NL < SV & most major dialects “thlûn”
ale hîmb n NL < Westron “hîm(a)” any brewed alcohol drink of plant origin
available firg adj NL < Sindarin “fair” < Primitive Elvish “pheryā” ready to/for

готовый к чему-либо
baker mazgal n see “mazg” (n)
be hungry harb- v HG < SV
beer hîmb n NL < Westron “hîm(a)” any brewed alcohol drink of plant origin
belly thûn n NL < SV & most major dialects “thlûn”
bird aig n NL < Gnomish “aigli”, Sindarin “aew” < Etym. “AIWÊ” (small bird)
bit naht n NL < Quenya “nahta” (a bite) < Etym. “NAK” about food
bite nâkh- v TK, DBS, LOTR, PN “Grishnákh”;
? Etym. “NAK” (to bite), Sindarin “nag”;
? Etym. “MAGH” (hand)
translation is speculative
bitter (taste) sâr adj LOS, HG < Quenya “sára”, Noldorin “saer” < Etym. “SAG”
bowels khurg n DS
bread mazg n NL < LOS “mûz” (changed to avoid cognates) < Quenya “masta” < Etym. “MBAS”, “MASAG” (knead); compare with “lembas”; compare with Primitive Elvish “mazga” (soft)
breakfast ashrokil n all major dialects “ashrokil” < TK “ash” (one) + LL “throqu-” (to devour) + SV “il” (time), lit. “first eat time”
broth shâf n NL, merging Noldorin “salf(f)” < Etym. “SÁLAP” with DS “shog-” (to drink) very simple or waterish soup, compare with “zau” (stew)
bunny tap n NL, fictional proto-word “tapug” < Westron (Shire) “tapuc” (PM) any rodent with big ears
butter tôlf n NL, merging “tôm” (fat, cf.) with early Ilkorin “thilf”, Telerin “telpe” and Noldorin “tlî”; compare with all major Neo-BS dialects “talûn” < MERP < Albanian “tëlyen”
cannibal zarg n NL < Qenya “sarqin(di)” (a race of cannibal ogres in BOLT)
carouse dafr- v LOS, HG < SV “dafar” < MERP; compare with Gnomish “dair” (play, merriment) < Etym. “TYAL” (play)
carrion mârsh n NL < SV “marsh” < MERP;
changed to avoid confusion with question particle “mar”
dead flesh, rotten meat
carrot sûlg n NL < Middle-Quenya “sulka” < Etym. “SÚLUK” (edible root)
celebration birt n NL < Quenya “meren(de)”, Noldorin “bereth” < Etym. “MBER”
cheese gurth n NL < LOS “gur” (changed due to a lot of cognates), Gnomish “curtha” (to make cheese), “cûr” (n), Noldorin “corn” + Qenya “tyur”; accidental resemblance with names of Turkic varieties of hard cheese: “qur(u)t”, “kurut”, “gurt” – which probably means “dried”
chill graz adj LOS < SV
clean yol- v NL < Sindarin “iôl” clean with water
cold graz adj LOS < SV
coney tap n NL, fictional proto-word “tapug” < Westron (Shire) “tapuc” (PM) any rodent with big ears
cook throbal n see “throb-”
cool (weather) graz adj LOS < SV
cucumber kôlz n NL < Qenya “kolosta”
cup gulf n NL, merging LP “iulv” < Sindarin “ylf” with EH “k(h)ilub” < Quenya “yulma”;
resemblance to English “gulp” is accidental
vessel for drinking with stalk/stem but without handle
decay nirg- v NL < Qenya “narqa-” (fade, wither), Gnomish “narcos” (rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
delicious thaikûrz adj NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed
devour throkh- v SV < LL “throqu-”; compare with Gnomish “tercha” (to devour, destroy)
diet hôr n ZA (nutrition, nourishment, food)
digest thûn- v NL, see “thûn” (n)
dough mugsh n LOS “mugsh” < MB (vomit; dough; paste); compare with Ilkorin “maig” (dough) < Primitive Elvish “mazgē” < Etym. “MASAG” (knead);
compare with “mazg” (bread)
may be used as euphemism for “vomit”
draught akr n LOS
drink akr n LOS
drink akr- v LOS
drink shog- v DS < Eldarin “suk-”, “sok-” < Etym. “SUK”; Primitive Elvish also “soko”, “sog” (drink, gulp, quaff, drain);
compare with English “suck”, Russian “сок” (juice), Latin “sugere” (to suck), “succus” (juice); probably common Indo-European word of sound-imitating origin; also “soup”, “sip” and many others;
compare with “zug-” (to suck)
eat throkh- v SV < LL “throqu-”; compare with Gnomish “tercha” (to devour, destroy)
edible throkhat gerv gerundive from “throkh-” (to eat); lit. “to be eaten”
egg fird n NL, merging LOS “fîl” (bird), Hurrian “erade” (bird), Gnomish “uitha” (to lay eggs) with NL “fir” (to mate)
fat tôm n NL < LOS “tûm” < MB, SV “tû” (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
fat tûrz adj NL < LOS “tû” < MB, SV (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
feast birt n NL < Quenya “meren(de)”, Noldorin “bereth” < Etym. “MBER”
feast dafr- v LOS, HG < SV “dafar” < MERP; compare with Gnomish “dair” (play, merriment) < Etym. “TYAL” (play)
feed gazhk n NL, merging ZA “gazhb-” (to feed, take care), “gâzhur” (livestock) < “gazh-” (to live) with LOS “ushk-”, all major dialects < MERP < Albanian “ushqej”;
may be related to “gaz” (mouth) and “gash” (heat)
add suffix “-urm” or “-aut” for process of feeding
feed gazhk- v NL, merging ZA “gazhb-” (to feed, take care), “gâzhur” (livestock) < “gazh-” (to live) with LOS “ushk-”, all major dialects < MERP < Albanian “ushqej”;
may be related to “gaz” (mouth) and “gash” (heat)
fester nirg- v NL < Qenya “narqa-” (fade, wither), Gnomish “narcos” (rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
festival birt n NL < Quenya “meren(de)”, Noldorin “bereth” < Etym. “MBER”
fish skab n NL < Etym. “SKAL”[2]
flabby tûrz adj NL < LOS “tû” < MB, SV (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
flavour thaik- v NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed originally sound-imitating word;
to sense the taste and odour, not to be tasty
flesh âps n LOS < Quenya “apsa” (cooked food, meat), Etym. “AP” more like meal (for cooking)
flour por n NL < Etym. “POR” молотое зерно
fodder gazhk n NL, merging ZA “gazhb-” (to feed, take care), “gâzhur” (livestock) < “gazh-” (to live) with LOS “ushk-”, all major dialects < MERP < Albanian “ushqej”;
may be related to “gaz” (mouth) and “gash” (heat)
add suffix “-urm” or “-aut” for process of feeding
food throk n NL < SV “throku”, ZA “thrôkur” < SV “throkh-” (v., to eat) < LL “throqu-”
forage gazhk n NL, merging ZA “gazhb-” (to feed, take care), “gâzhur” (livestock) < “gazh-” (to live) with LOS “ushk-”, all major dialects < MERP < Albanian “ushqej”;
may be related to “gaz” (mouth) and “gash” (heat)
add suffix “-urm” or “-aut” for process of feeding
fragment shirz n DS about any material
fresh gin adj DS (only “new”), probably from Etym. “GWEN” (fresh) which gives the same Quenya word “vinya”, from which “fîn” is taken
fruit gau n NL < Quenya “yávë” < Etym. “YAB” may also refer to vegetables
glass gulf n NL, merging LP “iulv” < Sindarin “ylf” with EH “k(h)ilub” < Quenya “yulma”;
resemblance to English “gulp” is accidental
vessel for drinking with stalk/stem but without handle
gnaw naid- v NL < Etym. “NYAD”; compare with Primitive Elvish “nyadrō” (rat)
goblet gulf n NL, merging LP “iulv” < Sindarin “ylf” with EH “k(h)ilub” < Quenya “yulma”;
resemblance to English “gulp” is accidental
vessel for drinking with stalk/stem but without handle
grain blûz n NL, merging Gnomish “bloss” (wheat), Qenya “mul” (to grind) of same origin with all major dialects “blûg” < MERP (to grind, mill) < Albanian “bluaj” (to grind) incl. “grain of sand” etc.; probably an equivalent of Latin “semen”
grain sru n LOS < MB < SV; compare with SV “srû” (fruit) any grain culture (corn, barley, wheat, etc.)
grease tôm n NL < LOS “tûm” < MB, SV “tû” (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
gulp akr n LOS
gut hosh n TK, DBS, LOTR, OC, VT 26
guts hosh n TK, DBS, LOTR, OC, VT 26
guts khurg n DS
hare tap n NL, fictional proto-word “tapug” < Westron (Shire) “tapuc” (PM) any rodent with big ears
honey mâth n SV, MB any sweet substance
hunger harb- v HG < SV
ice gogh n NL < Sindarin “gochel” (a mass of ice) < Etym. “KHEL”
juice saub n NL < Etym. “SAB”; compare Noldorin “saw”, Quenya “sáve”, Primitive Elvish “sāba” juice of fruit or flower
kitchen throbamb n NL < “throb-” (to cook) + suffix “-amb”; lit. “cookery”; see corresponding articles
lick lâp- v NL < “lâm”, merging various word from Etym. roots “LAB” and “SÁLAP” (lick, lick up) lick, lick up
liver slârg n NL, merging LOS “slai-” (to live), “sâr” (bitter) and “snâg” (soft, smooth)
loaf gurn n NL < Noldorin “gorn” (loaf), Qenya “korne” < Etym. “KOR” (round); compare with LOS “kurn” (around)
lunch ashrokil n all major dialects “ashrokil” < TK “ash” (one) + LL “throqu-” (to devour) + SV “il” (time), lit. “first eat time”
mead gabh n NL < LOS “gabhîk” < SV, MERP “gavîk”; coincidental but good resemblance with NL “gau” (fruit) any fermented/fretted alcohol drink of plant origin
mead mirb n ZB < ZA “mirub” < Valarin more like mead
meal por n NL < Etym. “POR” молотое зерно
meat âps n LOS < Quenya “apsa” (cooked food, meat), Etym. “AP” more like meal (for cooking)
menu hôr n ZA (nutrition, nourishment, food)
milk gazb n NL, merging “gag” (cow), “saub” (juice) and “gazhb-” (to suckle) – see corresponding articles
new gin adj DS (only “new”), probably from Etym. “GWEN” (fresh) which gives the same Quenya word “vinya”, from which “fîn” is taken
nibble naid- v NL < Etym. “NYAD”; compare with Primitive Elvish “nyadrō” (rat)
nourish gazhb- v ZA (to feed, take care); compare with “gaz” (mouth)
nourishment hôr n ZA (nutrition, nourishment, food)
nutrition hôr n ZA (nutrition, nourishment, food)
oat ruth n NL < Gnomish “ruthli”
offal mârsh n NL < SV “marsh” < MERP;
changed to avoid confusion with question particle “mar”
dead flesh, rotten meat
oil tôm n NL < LOS “tûm” < MB, SV “tû” (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
party dafr- v LOS, HG < SV “dafar” < MERP; compare with Gnomish “dair” (play, merriment) < Etym. “TYAL” (play)
paste mugsh n LOS “mugsh” < MB (vomit; dough; paste); compare with Ilkorin “maig” (dough) < Primitive Elvish “mazgē” < Etym. “MASAG” (knead);
compare with “mazg” (bread)
may be used as euphemism for “vomit”
peel daft n NL, melting Gnomish “daf”, “dôf”, “dauth”
picnic shrakhnaht n NL, lit. “pick bits” in analogy with French “pique-nique” (to pick small things)
piece naht n NL < Quenya “nahta” (a bite) < Etym. “NAK” about food
piece shirz n DS about any material
porky tûrz adj NL < LOS “tû” < MB, SV (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
potato firdbugh n NL, lit. “egg-root” < LOS, SV, HG “bughnrakh” (potato, lit. “root-ball”, “root-egg”); see “fird”, “bugh”
potato ghâmporb n NL, lit. “earth-apple”; see “ghâmp”, “orb”; compare with Neo-Quenya “cemorva”
potion shogurm n NL, see “shog-”
prepared firg adj NL < Sindarin “fair” < Primitive Elvish “pheryā” ready to/for

готовый к чему-либо
rabbit tap n NL, fictional proto-word “tapug” < Westron (Shire) “tapuc” (PM) any rodent with big ears
ration hôr n ZA (nutrition, nourishment, food)
raw (food) graz adj LOS < SV
ready firg adj NL < Sindarin “fair” < Primitive Elvish “pheryā” ready to/for

готовый к чему-либо
revel birt n NL < Quenya “meren(de)”, Noldorin “bereth” < Etym. “MBER”
revel dafr- v LOS, HG < SV “dafar” < MERP; compare with Gnomish “dair” (play, merriment) < Etym. “TYAL” (play)
rind daft n NL, melting Gnomish “daf”, “dôf”, “dauth”
root bugh n LOS (root, origin) < MB, SV “bughn” (root, origin, source, beginning) more literal meaning then in other dialects
rot nirg- v NL < Qenya “narqa-” (fade, wither), Gnomish “narcos” (rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
rotten nirgûrz adj NL < Qenya “narqa-” (fade, wither), Gnomish “narcos” (rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
salt kaish n NL < Hurrian “kiaše” (sea)
savour thaik- v NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed originally sound-imitating word;
to sense the taste and odour, not to be tasty
savour thaikûrz adj NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed
seasoning bim n HG < LOS, SV ”bulmos” < MERP
seed blûz n NL, merging Gnomish “bloss” (wheat), Qenya “mul” (to grind) of same origin with all major dialects “blûg” < MERP (to grind, mill) < Albanian “bluaj” (to grind) incl. “grain of sand” etc.; probably an equivalent of Latin “semen”
seed sru n LOS < MB < SV; compare with SV “srû” (fruit) any grain culture (corn, barley, wheat, etc.)
sip akr n LOS
skin daft n NL, melting Gnomish “daf”, “dôf”, “dauth”
smack thaik- v NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed originally sound-imitating word;
to sense the taste and odour, not to be tasty
soup shâf n NL, merging Noldorin “salf(f)” < Etym. “SÁLAP” with DS “shog-” (to drink) very simple or waterish soup, compare with “zau” (stew)
soup zauf n NL < “shâf” + LOS “zau”, to avoid confusion with other dialects and rid off connection to Albanian “ziej”;
see also “zâpsh-” (v)
very thick soup

густой, наваристый суп; подливка; тушёные овощи или мясо
spice bim n HG < LOS, SV ”bulmos” < MERP
starve harb- v HG < SV
stew zauf n NL < “shâf” + LOS “zau”, to avoid confusion with other dialects and rid off connection to Albanian “ziej”;
see also “zâpsh-” (v)
very thick soup

густой, наваристый суп; подливка; тушёные овощи или мясо
stomach thûn n NL < SV & most major dialects “thlûn”
stomach thûn- v NL, see “thûn” (n)
suck zug- v NL < LOS “zug” (lip) < MB < SV “zugl” (border); LOS, SV, MB “zu-” (to suck);
compare with “shog-” (to drink)
suckle gazhb- v ZA (to feed, take care); compare with “gaz” (mouth)
sugar mâth n SV, MB any sweet substance
swallow throkh- v SV < LL “throqu-”; compare with Gnomish “tercha” (to devour, destroy)
sweet mâth adj LOS, SV < MB
syrup mâth n SV, MB any sweet substance
take care gazhb- v ZA (to feed, take care); compare with “gaz” (mouth)
taste shaub- v NL, merging HG “ib” < SV “gusn-” (sic!) (to feel, sense) with SV “shîgog” < MERP < Albanian “shijoj” to sense a taste
taste thaik- v NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed originally sound-imitating word;
to sense the taste and odour, not to be tasty
tasty thaikûrz adj NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed
thick tûrz adj NL < LOS “tû” < MB, SV (fatty, fleshy, flabby) < ? Sindarin “tûg” (fat, thick) < Etym. “TIW”; changed to avoid cognates
vomit hih- v NL < Noldorin “hich”
wash yol- v NL < Sindarin “iôl” clean with water
water nîn n LOS < Quenya “nén”; compare with Westron “nîn”
wine gabh n NL < LOS “gabhîk” < SV, MERP “gavîk”; coincidental but good resemblance with NL “gau” (fruit) any fermented/fretted alcohol drink of plant origin
wine mirb n ZB < ZA “mirub” < Valarin more like mead
yummy thaikûrz adj NL < merging Primitive Elvish “TYAVA” (to savour, taste) with Gnomish “côf” written reversed
zest bim n HG < LOS, SV ”bulmos” < MERP

Utencils, cookware

English Nûrlâm Part of speech Etymology Comments
barrel kralt n NL < Primitive Elvish “keréldǝ”, Gnomish “ceral”
beaker kolk n SV, MERP < Albanian “qelq” (drinking glass) < Latin “calicis”; compare with Quenya “calca” (glass), Gnomish “celc”, seems also of Latin origin also “drinking glass”;
vessel for drinking without handle and without stalk/stem
bottle ulp n NL, merging Qenya “olpe” (bottle) with Gnomish “ulm”, Qenya “ulma” (flagon, jar) < Primitive Elvish “ḷma”
cauldron tâm n NL < Quenya “tambe” (pot), Qenya “tambin” (cauldron), Gnomish “tambos”
cookware kus n SV, MERP (kettle, cauldron, pan), probably from Turkic “kazan” or Albanian “kosh” (basket) any utensils for cooking on fire: pot, kettle, cauldron, pan

посуда для готовки на огне
cup zulm n NL, merging “zan” (all major dialects) < MERP with Quenya “yulma” (cup, goblet) < root “YUL” (to drink) vessel for drinking with handle but without stalk/stem
desk dâlt n LOS < Noldorin “dalath” (flat surface) ? for eating, work
dish fon n NL < Qenya “vene” (small boat, vessel, dish) any shallow or flat vessel
flagon ulp n NL, merging Qenya “olpe” (bottle) with Gnomish “ulm”, Qenya “ulma” (flagon, jar) < Primitive Elvish “ḷma”
flask ulp n NL, merging Qenya “olpe” (bottle) with Gnomish “ulm”, Qenya “ulma” (flagon, jar) < Primitive Elvish “ḷma”
fork baug n all major BS dialects < MERP
kiln hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
mug kolk n SV, MERP < Albanian “qelq” (drinking glass) < Latin “calicis”; compare with Quenya “calca” (glass), Gnomish “celc”, seems also of Latin origin also “drinking glass”;
vessel for drinking without handle and without stalk/stem
mug zulm n NL, merging “zan” (all major dialects) < MERP with Quenya “yulma” (cup, goblet) < root “YUL” (to drink) vessel for drinking with handle but without stalk/stem
oven hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
plate fon n NL < Qenya “vene” (small boat, vessel, dish) any shallow or flat vessel
pot (large) tâm n NL < Quenya “tambe” (pot), Qenya “tambin” (cauldron), Gnomish “tambos”
saucer fon n NL < Qenya “vene” (small boat, vessel, dish) any shallow or flat vessel
spoon sâlp n NL < Gnomish “salfinc” < Etym. “SALAP” (to lick) merged with “zalb” (shovel)
stove hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
table dâlt n LOS < Noldorin “dalath” (flat surface) ? for eating, work
tray fon n NL < Qenya “vene” (small boat, vessel, dish) any shallow or flat vessel
tumbler kolk n SV, MERP < Albanian “qelq” (drinking glass) < Latin “calicis”; compare with Quenya “calca” (glass), Gnomish “celc”, seems also of Latin origin also “drinking glass”;
vessel for drinking without handle and without stalk/stem
utensil kus n SV, MERP (kettle, cauldron, pan), probably from Turkic “kazan” or Albanian “kosh” (basket) any utensils for cooking on fire: pot, kettle, cauldron, pan

посуда для готовки на огне

Cooking methods

English Nûrlâm Part of speech Etymology Comments
(de)bone takh- v NL, see “takh” (n) to remove bones from meat
acetum kulz n HG (only “acid”)
acid kulz n HG (only “acid”)
bake mazg- v see “mazg” (n) to cook in oven; dry pottery or clay bricks
blend ost- v NL < Quenya “ostimë” (blend, n.) to put two or more substances together
boil zugsh- v NL < HG “zu-” (to cook, boil, stew) < LOS and all major dialects “zau-” < MERP < Albanian “ziej”;
changed according to Nûrlâm's phonetical rules and to minimize similarity with Albanian;
merged with “shog-” (to drink) and “ghâsh-” (to burn);
to heat to make liquid bubble
brew dhîm- v NL < LOS “zîm-” < MERP; changed to avoid cognates
clot turth- v NL < Qenya “tyuru” (to curdle), “tyurda” (curdled), Gnomish “curtha” (to curdle, make cheese) < early Primitive Elvish roots “KYURU” < “TYURU”; see also “gurth” (cheese) about milk, blood; usually intransitive
coagulate turth- v NL < Qenya “tyuru” (to curdle), “tyurda” (curdled), Gnomish “curtha” (to curdle, make cheese) < early Primitive Elvish roots “KYURU” < “TYURU”; see also “gurth” (cheese) about milk, blood; usually intransitive
concoct dhîm- v NL < LOS “zîm-” < MERP; changed to avoid cognates
congeal turth- v NL < Qenya “tyuru” (to curdle), “tyurda” (curdled), Gnomish “curtha” (to curdle, make cheese) < early Primitive Elvish roots “KYURU” < “TYURU”; see also “gurth” (cheese) about milk, blood; usually intransitive
cook throb- v NL, merging SV “throkh-” (cf.) < LL “throqu-” with Gnomish “brath-” < Etym. “MBAS” (cook, bake) written reversed
curdle turth- v NL < Qenya “tyuru” (to curdle), “tyurda” (curdled), Gnomish “curtha” (to curdle, make cheese) < early Primitive Elvish roots “KYURU” < “TYURU”; see also “gurth” (cheese) about milk, blood; usually intransitive
fillet takh- v NL, see “takh” (n) to remove bones from meat
fry zhîz- v NL < Qenya “sisi” (to scorch, singe, fry) to cook in fat, oil

готовить в жире, масле
gammon bhraf- v LOS < MB “bhrev”
gather srunt- v NL, merging SV “sru” with fictional proto-word “skrinkht” to connect “shrakh-” and “srinkh-” with Sindarin “critha-” (reap) < Etym. “KIRIK” (gather, collect, reap), Primitive Elvish “k'rikta-” may be used as euphemism for “pillage, plunder”
grill rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
harvest srunt- v NL, merging SV “sru” with fictional proto-word “skrinkht” to connect “shrakh-” and “srinkh-” with Sindarin “critha-” (reap) < Etym. “KIRIK” (gather, collect, reap), Primitive Elvish “k'rikta-” may be used as euphemism for “pillage, plunder”
infuse dhîm- v NL < LOS “zîm-” < MERP; changed to avoid cognates
kiln hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
mash marzh- v NL, merging SV “margz-” (to crush, smash) < MERP “marzgi” with Primitive Elvish roots “MḶÐḶ”, “MLŘL”, “MALA” (to crush, squeeze, pound, pulp), Qenya “mald” (pound, crush), “mal” (crush, squeeze), “amalda”, “malasta” (soft, tender) like in “mashed potatoes”; to crush, squeeze into soft pulpy mass, usually together with hot water

делать пюре, паштет
mix ost- v NL < Quenya “ostimë” (blend, n.) to put two or more substances together
muddle up ost- v NL < Quenya “ostimë” (blend, n.) to put two or more substances together
oven hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
prepare (food) throb- v NL, merging SV “throkh-” (cf.) < LL “throqu-” with Gnomish “brath-” < Etym. “MBAS” (cook, bake) written reversed
pulp marzh- v NL, merging SV “margz-” (to crush, smash) < MERP “marzgi” with Primitive Elvish roots “MḶÐḶ”, “MLŘL”, “MALA” (to crush, squeeze, pound, pulp), Qenya “mald” (pound, crush), “mal” (crush, squeeze), “amalda”, “malasta” (soft, tender) like in “mashed potatoes”; to crush, squeeze into soft pulpy mass, usually together with hot water

делать пюре, паштет
reap srunt- v NL, merging SV “sru” with fictional proto-word “skrinkht” to connect “shrakh-” and “srinkh-” with Sindarin “critha-” (reap) < Etym. “KIRIK” (gather, collect, reap), Primitive Elvish “k'rikta-” may be used as euphemism for “pillage, plunder”
roast ghaur- v LOS cook on high heat; cook in uncovered utensil; cook in sand, ashes

готовить в октрытой посуде; жарить на сильном огне; запекать в золе, земле и т.п.
scorch rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
smoke (dry) bhraf- v LOS < MB “bhrev”
sour paip- v NL < Gnomish “paib-” mostly about milk
stew zâpsh- v NL, merging LOS “zau” (soup, stew) < MERP “zau-” (to cook) < Albanian “ziej” (to stew) with “âps” and “zugsh-” to cook in liquid slowly almost without boiling in closed dish

готовить на медленном огне в умеренном количестве жидкости, обычно в закрытой посуде
stir khirg- v NL, merging “kurg-” (to turn) with Qenya “qiri-” (to stir, make spin)
stove hazh n NL, merging TK “ghâsh” (fire) with Qenya “hus”, “usta” (to burn) < early Primitive Elvish root “ƷUÐU”
toast rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
vinegar kulz n HG (only “acid”)

See also

lexicon/food.txt · Last modified: 2022/11/07 00:59 (external edit)