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Wordlist: Fire, Light and Shadow

This page will contain list of words related to fire, light and shadow.

English Nûrlâm Part of speech Etymology Comments
ash hîsht n LOS < SV
bake mazg- v see “mazg” (n) to cook in oven; dry pottery or clay bricks
beam pain n NL, merging ZB “pan” (bright) < Valarin “Phanaikelûth” (Moon, “bright mirror”) with Etym. “PHAY” (to radiate, emit light), compare with Noldorin PN “Féanor” (initially explained as “Radiant Sun”)
black mor adj TK, AO, LR;
abandoned translation of PN “Morgoth”. In Orcish it was translated as “Dark Lord”, not “Black Enemy” as in Sindarin
blaze ghâzh- v DS (Moria) (light, n) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) be on fire, shine like a flame (through heat or similar by color)
blaze purd- v NL < Primitive Elvish roots “PUÐU”, “PUŘU” (consume by fire), Qenya “purma” (blaze, flame) to emit blinding light
boil zugsh- v NL < HG “zu-” (to cook, boil, stew) < LOS and all major dialects “zau-” < MERP < Albanian “ziej”;
changed according to Nûrlâm's phonetical rules and to minimize similarity with Albanian;
merged with “shog-” (to drink) and “ghâsh-” (to burn);
to heat to make liquid bubble
bonfire ghâshin n NL, lit. “fire-place”
brand gulp- v NL, anagram from HORN “pulg-” (to carve) < MERP “plag” merged with from Middle-Quenya “yulma”, Old Noldorin “iolf” (brand, n) < Etym. “YUL” (to smoulder) mark by burning
bright pan adj ZB < Valarin “Phanaikelûth” (Moon, “bright mirror”)
burn ghâsh- v LL < TK (“fire”)
campfire ghâshin n NL, lit. “fire-place”
candle limg n NL < Quenya “lícuma”; compare with LOS “lîk”
charcoal burzh n NL, merging TK BS “búrz” (dark) with Gnomish “pruin” (charcoal), “bordd” (fireplace), Qenya “purya” (set fire) < early Primitive Elvish “búrı̯ā” < roots “PUÐU”, “PUŘU” (consume by fire)
cinder hîsht n LOS < SV
coal burzh n NL, merging TK BS “búrz” (dark) with Gnomish “pruin” (charcoal), “bordd” (fireplace), Qenya “purya” (set fire) < early Primitive Elvish “búrı̯ā” < roots “PUÐU”, “PUŘU” (consume by fire)
corruscation rulz n NL, merging Etym. “RUS” (flash, glitter of metal) with “RIL” (glitter);
compare with PN “Silmaril”, Quenya “rilma” (glittering light);
compare with PN “Maedhros”, Noldorin “Maidhros” (Pale-glitter), Quenya ”russe” (corruscation)
to reflect light
dark bûrz adj TK, DBS, LOTR “Lugbúrz” (Barad-dûr, Dark Tower), AA;
? Noldorin “maur” (gloom) < Etym. “MOR” (black);
? Hurrian “wurikk-” (to be blind) , “wur” (to see)
dark mor adj TK, AO, LR;
abandoned translation of PN “Morgoth”. In Orcish it was translated as “Dark Lord”, not “Black Enemy” as in Sindarin
dawn ânsh n HG (v) < RE “ânash” (n) < LOS “ân” (Sun) < Quenya “anar”
day ârsh n LOS, probably from Etym. “AR”[1], compare with Quenya “arië” (daytime), “árë” (daylight), “aurë” (day, daylight)
daybreak ânsh n HG (v) < RE “ânash” (n) < LOS “ân” (Sun) < Quenya “anar”
dusk muth n NL, merging Sindarin “moth”, Qenya “maska” (dawn) with MERP, SV “mug”, to avoid Albanian cognate see also “muzg”
dust hîsht n LOS < SV
ejaculate zgab- v NL < Qenya “hapta” (to eject, ejaculate) < Primitive Elvish “skapya” (to cause liquids to spurt out) < Etym. “KAP” (to leap) about volcano, but may be used as euphemism for “ejaculation”
eject zgab- v NL < Qenya “hapta” (to eject, ejaculate) < Primitive Elvish “skapya” (to cause liquids to spurt out) < Etym. “KAP” (to leap) about volcano, but may be used as euphemism for “ejaculation”
ember yulm n NL < Quenya “yulme” (smouldering heat) < Etym. “YUL” последние тлеющие угли в золе
erupt zgab- v NL < Qenya “hapta” (to eject, ejaculate) < Primitive Elvish “skapya” (to cause liquids to spurt out) < Etym. “KAP” (to leap) about volcano, but may be used as euphemism for “ejaculation”
fade nark- v NL < merging TK “nar” (negative particle) + Qenya “narqa” (to wither), Gnomish “narcos” (to rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
fire gash n TK, DBS, LOTR, PN “Muzgash”;
? Valarin “igas” (heat) as in “Aþâraigas” (appointed heat)
ghâsh > ghash > gash
fire ghash n TK, DBS, SD, PN “Ghash”, replaced by “Muzgash” in LOTR;
? Valarin “igas” (heat) as in “Aþâraigas” (appointed heat)
ghâsh > ghash > gash
fire ghâsh n TK, CBS, DBS, LOTR;
? Valarin “igas” (heat) as in “Aþâraigas” (appointed heat)
ghâsh > ghash > gash
fire urush n DS (SOW) < Valarin “urus, uruš”, Etym. “UR-”
fireplace ghâshin n NL, lit. “fire-place”
fireplace ruzd n NL, merging Sindarin “ruist” < Primitive Elvish roots “RUY”, “RUYU” (to blaze red) with Valarin “rušur”, “urus, uruš” < Etym. “UR” (be hot);
compare with NL “rûsh” (lava), “urush” (fire, flame);
compare with Sindarin “ûr” (fire)
flame urush n DS (SOW) < Valarin “urus, uruš”, Etym. “UR-”
flare purd- v NL < Primitive Elvish roots “PUÐU”, “PUŘU” (consume by fire), Qenya “purma” (blaze, flame) to emit blinding light
flash rulz n NL, merging Etym. “RUS” (flash, glitter of metal) with “RIL” (glitter);
compare with PN “Silmaril”, Quenya “rilma” (glittering light);
compare with PN “Maedhros”, Noldorin “Maidhros” (Pale-glitter), Quenya ”russe” (corruscation)
to reflect light
flicker tind- v NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinde” (glint), “tinta-” (to kindle, make to spark), “tintina” (to sparkle), Noldorin “tint” (spark) resemblance to “tinder” is Tolkien's linguistic play
fry zhîz- v NL < Qenya “sisi” (to scorch, singe, fry) to cook in fat, oil

готовить в жире, масле
fume flûg n NL < Gnomish “fugri” (smother of smoke), “fugla” (to smoke), “fluim” (black smoke, reek), “folc” (evil-smelling) < early Primitive Elvish roots “FUKU”, “FOLO” dense, reeking or suffocating smoke

густой, едкий, удушливый дым
fume usk n HG Ilkorin “usc” (smoke), Gnomish “usc” (fog, mist), Qenya “usqe” (fog, reek) < Etym. “USUK”
gammon bhraf- v LOS < MB “bhrev”
glare purd- v NL < Primitive Elvish roots “PUÐU”, “PUŘU” (consume by fire), Qenya “purma” (blaze, flame) to emit blinding light
gleam hald- v NL < Sindarin “galad”, Telerin “alata” (glittering reflection) < Primitive Elvish “ñ(g)alatā” (reflected radiance, glitter) < Etym. “KAL”, “GAL” (shine);
compare with PN “Gil-Galad”, “Galadriel”
compare with Valarin “Phanaikelūth” (moon, lit. “bright mirror”)
gleam pain n NL, merging ZB “pan” (bright) < Valarin “Phanaikelûth” (Moon, “bright mirror”) with Etym. “PHAY” (to radiate, emit light), compare with Noldorin PN “Féanor” (initially explained as “Radiant Sun”)
glint tind- v NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinde” (glint), “tinta-” (to kindle, make to spark), “tintina” (to sparkle), Noldorin “tint” (spark) resemblance to “tinder” is Tolkien's linguistic play
glitter rulz n NL, merging Etym. “RUS” (flash, glitter of metal) with “RIL” (glitter);
compare with PN “Silmaril”, Quenya “rilma” (glittering light);
compare with PN “Maedhros”, Noldorin “Maidhros” (Pale-glitter), Quenya ”russe” (corruscation)
to reflect light
glow ghâzh n DS (Moria) (just “light”) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) light of fire, reflected light, not sunlight; probably any light for orcs living in caves (like Moria) or never seen a Sun directly (e.g. near Orodruin)
glow ghâzh- v DS (Moria) (light, n) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) be on fire, shine like a flame (through heat or similar by color)
grill rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
hearth ruzd n NL, merging Sindarin “ruist” < Primitive Elvish roots “RUY”, “RUYU” (to blaze red) with Valarin “rušur”, “urus, uruš” < Etym. “UR” (be hot);
compare with NL “rûsh” (lava), “urush” (fire, flame);
compare with Sindarin “ûr” (fire)
heat gash n SV “gash-” (to burn); see “ghâsh”
hot gashûrz adj SV “gash-” (to burn); see “ghâsh”
ignite stak- v HG to start fire, trigger the firearm (by ignition of fuse)
kindle stak- v HG to start fire, trigger the firearm (by ignition of fuse)
lamp glar n NL < Quenya and Sindarin “calar” (portable lamp) < Etym. “KAL” (shine) any artificial source of fire light
lantern glar n NL < Quenya and Sindarin “calar” (portable lamp) < Etym. “KAL” (shine) any artificial source of fire light
lava rûsh n NL < ZA “rushûr” < Valarin “rušur” (fire)
light ghâzh n DS (Moria) (just “light”) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) light of fire, reflected light, not sunlight; probably any light for orcs living in caves (like Moria) or never seen a Sun directly (e.g. near Orodruin)
light thîr n NL < Valarin “ithîr” (WJ) also adjective
lighten stak- v HG to start fire, trigger the firearm (by ignition of fuse)
lightning (bolt, strike) ait n NL < early Noldorin “aithorn”
magma rûsh n NL < ZA “rushûr” < Valarin “rušur” (fire)
morning ânsh n HG (v) < RE “ânash” (n) < LOS “ân” (Sun) < Quenya “anar”
night fugh n NL < Gnomish “fuʒu”, “fui” often replaced with word “darkness” (burzum)
pyre ghâshin n NL, lit. “fire-place”
ray pain n NL, merging ZB “pan” (bright) < Valarin “Phanaikelûth” (Moon, “bright mirror”) with Etym. “PHAY” (to radiate, emit light), compare with Noldorin PN “Féanor” (initially explained as “Radiant Sun”)
reflect (light) hald- v NL < Sindarin “galad”, Telerin “alata” (glittering reflection) < Primitive Elvish “ñ(g)alatā” (reflected radiance, glitter) < Etym. “KAL”, “GAL” (shine);
compare with PN “Gil-Galad”, “Galadriel”
compare with Valarin “Phanaikelūth” (moon, lit. “bright mirror”)
roast ghaur- v LOS cook on high heat; cook in uncovered utensil; cook in sand, ashes

готовить в октрытой посуде; жарить на сильном огне; запекать в золе, земле и т.п.
scorch rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
scorch shiz- v NL < Qenya “sisi”; compare with Gnomish “thisc”, “thista” (dry) to burn slightly, only surface

обжечь слегка, по поверхности
shade bath n NL < Etym. “WATH” (shade);
compare with Sindarin “Ered Wethrin” (Shadowy Mountains)
shade dâd n NL < Etym. “DAY”; compare with early Noldorin “Daeðelos” (Shadow of Fear), changed into “Dor Daedeloth” (Land of Great Dead), names for land of Morgoth
shadow bath n NL < Etym. “WATH” (shade);
compare with Sindarin “Ered Wethrin” (Shadowy Mountains)
shadow dâd n NL < Etym. “DAY”; compare with early Noldorin “Daeðelos” (Shadow of Fear), changed into “Dor Daedeloth” (Land of Great Dead), names for land of Morgoth
shimmer tind- v NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinde” (glint), “tinta-” (to kindle, make to spark), “tintina” (to sparkle), Noldorin “tint” (spark) resemblance to “tinder” is Tolkien's linguistic play
shine ghâzh n DS (Moria) (just “light”) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) light of fire, reflected light, not sunlight; probably any light for orcs living in caves (like Moria) or never seen a Sun directly (e.g. near Orodruin)
shine ghâzh- v DS (Moria) (light, n) < DS (Proto-) “gâra” < Etym. “GAL” [1], “KAL” (light, shine, be bright); obviously also inspired by TK “ghâsh” (fire) be on fire, shine like a flame (through heat or similar by color)
shrivel nark- v NL < merging TK “nar” (negative particle) + Qenya “narqa” (to wither), Gnomish “narcos” (to rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”
singe shiz- v NL < Qenya “sisi”; compare with Gnomish “thisc”, “thista” (dry) to burn slightly, only surface

обжечь слегка, по поверхности
smoke bhraf n LOS < MB “bhrev”
smoke trim n SV
smoke (dry) bhraf- v LOS < MB “bhrev”
smolder yulb- v NL < Quenya “yulme” (smouldering heat) < Etym. “YUL”
smother flûg n NL < Gnomish “fugri” (smother of smoke), “fugla” (to smoke), “fluim” (black smoke, reek), “folc” (evil-smelling) < early Primitive Elvish roots “FUKU”, “FOLO” dense, reeking or suffocating smoke

густой, едкий, удушливый дым
smoulder flûg n NL < Gnomish “fugri” (smother of smoke), “fugla” (to smoke), “fluim” (black smoke, reek), “folc” (evil-smelling) < early Primitive Elvish roots “FUKU”, “FOLO” dense, reeking or suffocating smoke

густой, едкий, удушливый дым
smoulder yulb- v NL < Quenya “yulme” (smouldering heat) < Etym. “YUL”
spark tinb n NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinwe”, Noldorin “tinw” (spark, star), Primitive Elvish “tinmē” (spark, glint)
sparkle tind- v NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinde” (glint), “tinta-” (to kindle, make to spark), “tintina” (to sparkle), Noldorin “tint” (spark) resemblance to “tinder” is Tolkien's linguistic play
spurt zgab- v NL < Qenya “hapta” (to eject, ejaculate) < Primitive Elvish “skapya” (to cause liquids to spurt out) < Etym. “KAP” (to leap) about volcano, but may be used as euphemism for “ejaculation”
squirt zgab- v NL < Qenya “hapta” (to eject, ejaculate) < Primitive Elvish “skapya” (to cause liquids to spurt out) < Etym. “KAP” (to leap) about volcano, but may be used as euphemism for “ejaculation”
star ilz n LOS < Quenya “elen” < Etym. “EL”; compare with Hurrian “ilziri” (questionable meaning)
steam usk n HG Ilkorin “usc” (smoke), Gnomish “usc” (fog, mist), Qenya “usqe” (fog, reek) < Etym. “USUK”
Sun ûzh n DS (Moria) < Quenya “úrë” (heat) < Etym. “UR” (be hot), Valarin “urus”
sunlight ûdhîr n NL, melting “ûzh” with “thîr” (see corresponding articles) “thîr(um) ûzhob” (the light of the Sun) is more formal
sunrise ânsh n HG (v) < RE “ânash” (n) < LOS “ân” (Sun) < Quenya “anar”
sunset muth n NL, merging Sindarin “moth”, Qenya “maska” (dawn) with MERP, SV “mug”, to avoid Albanian cognate see also “muzg”
toast rozg- v NL < Gnomish “ras” (to scorch, toast), past tense “rôsi”, “rasc” (toasted bread);
compare with Etym. “RŪSKA” (brown)
cook directly on open fire without utensils (but may be on grill)

обжаривать на открытом огне: на вертеле, шампурах; решётке, но не в посуде
torch glar n NL < Quenya and Sindarin “calar” (portable lamp) < Etym. “KAL” (shine) any artificial source of fire light
trigger stak- v HG to start fire, trigger the firearm (by ignition of fuse)
twilight muth n NL, merging Sindarin “moth”, Qenya “maska” (dawn) with MERP, SV “mug”, to avoid Albanian cognate see also “muzg”
twinkle tind- v NL < Etym. “TIN” (to sparkle, emit beams) with numerous derivatives like Quenya “tinde” (glint), “tinta-” (to kindle, make to spark), “tintina” (to sparkle), Noldorin “tint” (spark) resemblance to “tinder” is Tolkien's linguistic play
vapour usk n HG Ilkorin “usc” (smoke), Gnomish “usc” (fog, mist), Qenya “usqe” (fog, reek) < Etym. “USUK”
volcano urunsh n NL, merging “urun” (mountain) with “urush” (fire) (see corresponding articles)
warm khâshûrz adj see “ghâsh”
warmth khâsh n see “ghâsh”
wither nark- v NL < merging TK “nar” (negative particle) + Qenya “narqa” (to wither), Gnomish “narcos” (to rot, decay) < Primitive Elvish root “NṚQṚ”

See also

lexicon/fire.txt · Last modified: 2022/11/07 00:59 (external edit)