• Lesson I – Background information
• Lesson II – Black Speech Sounds and Pronunciation
• Lesson III – Nouns
• Lesson IV – Verbs: Infinitive and Present Tense
• Lesson V – Verbs: Future Tense
• Lesson VI – Adjectives and Word Order
• Lesson VII – Pre- and Postpositions, Noun Cases, Phrase Verbs
• Lesson VIII – Verbs: Past Tense
• Lesson IX – Numbers
• Lesson X – Pronouns and Commands (Imperatives)
• * Lesson XII – Comparisons
• * Lesson XIII – Suffix Order and Indirect Objects
• * Lesson XIV – Questions
• * Lesson XV – Participles and Passive Voice
• * Lesson XVI – Conditional and Subjunctive Moods
• Appendix A: Prefixes and Suffixes
• Appendix B: Grammar quick overview
• Appendix C: Measures, Directions, Army Ranks
• Appendix D: List Of Abbreviations
• Appendix E: Canonical Tolkien's Black Speech
* Lesson XIV – Questions
This lesson uses the information by Lugrekh:
“The way I see it would be that a question word should go at the start of a sentence.”
“The only wierd acting question word is what. I also feel like the what question word should go in the place of the noun that is the answer... The who question word can also function like what. It goes into the place in the sentence that the proper noun would go.”
|Q: What is Lugrekh?
A: Lugrekh is an orc
|Lugrekh kulat mash? (lit. Lugrekh is what?)
Lugrekh kulat urûk
|Q: What hit you?
A: A rock hit me
|Mash grushat lat?
|Q: What do orcs kill?
A: The orcs kill elves!
|Urûk azat* mash?
Urûk azat* golog
|Q: Who killed the elves?
A: Lugrekh killed the elves!
|Mirz azat** golog?
Lugrekh azat** golog!
|Q: Who did the elves kill?
A: The elves killed the slaves!
|Golog azat*** mirz? (lit. The elves killed who?)
Golog azat*** snaga
In these examples mash, what, goes in the place where the unknown noun goes. Obviously the answer can also be shorterned down to one word. The third answer would normally be said: “golog” (just “elves!”)
Vocabulary – list of question words
|whose?||mirzob / mob|
The other kind of questions don't use a particular word, they are normally the kind of question answered with a yes or a no.
Will you sit down?
Do you have the sword?
Did you kill the eleves?
As far as I know there is not a way to do this in Black Speech. So I'm going to propose a way and see what people think.
According to my dictionary m- is the root of all the interrogative words (questions). So, I would suggest using creating a new word based on the way nar- is used.
I'm going to add a new word to the dictionary, the word is mar- (I don't have that as a word currently). mar- works like nar- does, attaching to the front of a word. On it's own it means something like “huh? what you say?”. Examples:
As you see, the word order differs from english rules. In Black Speech general questions have the same word order as in declarative sentences but can be distinguished by mentioned special word mar
I think alternative questions should work the same way as general questions. If you have two verbs in alternative you have to add mar- to both of them. The Black Speech word for “or” is “ogh”. And I fully accept Lugrekh's opinion on general questions, so here is my examples:
* No auxilary verb in English – no mar in BS
It is doubtful to say if the orcs use these questions, but I will propose my point of view. The first part of question is the usual statement, and the second one is the verb with affix mar- or the word mar itself. Examples:
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